In July 1940, the Battle of Britain began, the name of the German military operation aimed at conquering the airspace in southern England. According to the German command, the purpose was to undermine the morale of the British people. To guard the airspace over the major cities, the British employed captive balloons with taut wires. The Luftwaffe, to overcome these barriers, used modified aircraft with special steel structures equipped with cutters, also known as paravanes, similar to sea mine protection devices. Among the adapted aircraft wereHe 111 bombers, specifically the He 111H-8 variant. Piloting these aircraft was challenging, as the massive paravane structure adversely affected flight characteristics. During 1941, some of these aircraft were lost and the remainder were subsequently employed as conventional bombers.
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