The Treaty of Versailles, which put an end to World War I, imposed severe arms restrictions on the defeated Germany, which also affected its navy, which was severely limited until the Nazis came to power.
In 1935, with Hitler already serving as head of government, the Germans reached an agreement with the British whereby the former could increase their fleet to 180,000 tons, bearing in mind that they had already used 82,000 in the construction of a pocket battleship (the Graf Spee), torpedo boats and several light cruisers. Germany then decided to build two heavy battleships of 35,000 tons each: the first was the famous Bismarck and the second (launched in April 1939) was the Tirpitz.
The Tirpitz could displace 42,900 tons, averaged 251 meters in length and was armed with eight 380mm guns, twelve 150mm guns, sixteen 105mm guns, sixteen 37mm guns and twelve 20mm anti-aircraft guns.
The Tirpitz participated in the Baltic Fleet, was also stationed off the coast of Norway and in 1943 bombarded Spitsbergen Island. She was sunk near Norway on November 12, 1944 by British Lancaster heavy bombers.
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